Miniature butterhead lettuce which makes baseball-sized tasty heads. High resistance to downy mildew and some pests. One of the most troublesome aspects of lettuce is that it is best when really fresh. Striking red-topped leaves with green ribs and veins. You can also half-bury a container of old beer in your lettuce patch, and when snails or slugs are drawn by the smell of the beer, they will drown. Lettuce likes the temperature range between 45 and 65 degrees best. 19th century French heirloom, very pale yellow with rose spotting. Growing food year-round with season extenders can give you weeks more growing time in your garden. You can start some lettuce plants in advance, 4-6 weeks prior to the final frost, and transplant them out once the ground is able to … Let’s go over some different kinds and see the differences. That keeps other insect pests out, too! If your plants are young, fertilizing the leaves themselves is alright, but don’t fertilize within five to seven days of harvesting. Used in a lot of Asian cooking, and in China, it’s referred to as “wosun”. Here are some of the basic requirements to grow healthy and crunchy lettuce. This occurs when you’re not watering consistently or frequently enough while trying to sprout new plants. Finally, lettuce necrotic yellows and the lettuce mosaic virus are both diseases carried by aphids. One of the great things about lettuce is how many varieties are available to today’s gardens. Thrips will scar your lettuce or cause it to yellow and wilt. Big green crunchy lettuce. A head which is not quite ready will easily compress under your fingers. The year I took some of these photos had an abundance of lettuce in my box I used Romaine Lettuce which is known to grow well in colder temperatures. Broad beans are perfect for any garden. Lettuce is one of the easiest veggies to grow in containers, in your garden or indoors and the results of your efforts are seen fairly quickly. Aphids are a common pest on lettuces, and for that matter nearly any green and leafy vegetable. Enjoy home-grown lettuce all year when growing it in the house. Lettuce 'All Year Round' is slow to run to seed that you can enjoy when you like, meaning that there is a long window of opportunity for harvesting. Using a drip irrigation system regularly can reduce the likelihood of tip burn. But if you’re growing a number of lettuce types as most of us do, you will want to purchase new seed rather than save your own, as it may form unusual and less-favorable hybrids. Lettuce, All Year Round (100% Heirloom/Non-Hybrid/Non-GMO) As its name suggests, this is a lettuce that can be gown throughout the year, though it will require protection with a … Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) can be grown in nearly all climate zones, but as a cool-season vegetable it does best when growing in the spring and fall—or even winter in southern climates. Hi, I'm Kevin. You have entered an incorrect email address! A: Lettuce likes to hang out with carrots, radishes, cucumbers and strawberries. Slimy slugs and snails will eat huge gouges out of your lettuce leaves if given half a chance. Crisp texture. However, the mulch will help keep moisture in around your plant and protect against weeds. Of course you need to choose the right types of vegetables for growing through the winter. If necessary, you can move your plants indoors. You can spritz lettuce with a fine mist of water to perk it up on those hotter days, but it’s important to pair that spritz with a good base watering as well so they have plenty of moisture. Heirloom variety. Slow to become oversized. Space your loose-leaf varieties no closer together than 4″, cos or romaines no closer than 8″, and firm-headed varieties 12-16″. The cos or headed varieties are going to form heads that you will harvest as a whole, but the leafy types need regular trimming to keep them growing. Much as others have said, to grow lettuce year-round you'll probably have to use a temperature-controlled greenhouse, or else grow the lettuce indoors. Once temperatures are over 80 degrees consistently, grow your plants in the shade and be sure that they have lots of air around them to keep them cooler. It should be loose and well-draining, and you will want to make sure it’s well broken up. Even though the lid helps insulate the box you need to keep in mind the ground is still cold underneath. Summer is the best time of year to grow, as you'll have the most natural light available. Cos lettuce can also be stored this way, or broken down into individual leaves and stored as you would with a loose-leaf variety. If the edges of your leaves are turning brown, you’re experiencing tip burn. Batavian-type lettuce with bronze-purple leaves on the exterior. The most common for lettuce is sclerotinia stem rot, which can cause a whitish mold to appear along the stem and base of your plant. Lobed dark red leaves with a bright green interior. Later in the day, even the nicest-looking leaf lettuce will be softer than you’d prefer. Your chosen location must also be a safe one. To harvest full heads of lettuce, you can opt to either cut off the lettuce at its base, or to pull the plant out roots and all. Incredibly wildly colored leaves, buttery and mild flavor. An iceberg-type with medium-sized firm heads. Frillice or frilly-leaved lettuce variety with a crisp bite. A thorough application of neem oil will also reduce the presence of thrips, another sucking pest. Pale-colored heart. Grow lettuce in moist soil, spray soil every morning, and every time it looks dry. Most lettuce likes humus-rich soil with a high nitrogen content. Different shapes, colors and textures – a green salad need never be boring! Buttery-flavored 6-8″ tall slightly crumpled leaves. However, you can store loose-leaf lettuce for a few days if needed. Spring mix is also a blend. Slow to bolt, heat-resistant. If you see signs of wilting, they’re probably in need of water. You can also opt to use a floating row cover to provide shade, but be sure that the ends are kept open to provide airflow. When pruning, trim from the outside, leaving the inner leaves intact. For more veggies that you can grow in the Florida summer check this out. Popular variety. It’s important to mulch around your lettuce to keep the soil moist and give your plants the best chance of success. It’s best to use it in its dried form. This will help give your lettuce a good start as it begins growing. However, in wetter conditions during the rainy spring months, wilting may be a sign of too much water. You can also opt for a liquid fertilizer. If any of your stored lettuce has started to wilt, don’t panic! In the cooler months, full sun is just fine for your lettuce, but as it starts to warm up, the sun’s rays will scorch your tender leaves. Slow to bolt. Lettuce should be pretty easy to grow. I’ve also included a list of ways to use up the excess lettuce you may find on hand. Any year-round productive garden needs careful planning. Whether you prefer the salad standard of Iceberg (crispheads), or a nice leafy green, there’s going to be a lettuce for you! The name “cos” comes from the Greek island of Cos, which is where Romaine-style lettuces are believed to have originated. Even Free! Good for salads. Early spring and late fall lettuce. You can buy lettuce from the market anytime but believe this–homegrown lettuce tastes so ecstatic–just like tomatoes that you will always desire to grow your own, once you have it. Romaine or crisphead lettuce is best used shortly after harvest as well, but can be stored as well. It’s also heat tolerant, while being more nutritious than iceberg. Sclerotinia is another fungus which can impact your plants. Since lettuce has shallow roots, you’ll need to opt for wide and not so deep window boxes. Dehydrated lettuce does not rehydrate very well. When the summer heat is starting to subside, you can get another crop of lettuce in. Lettuce grows almost as readily as grass in most areas. Lettuce is surprisingly easy to grow and does not take up … Being able to grow lettuce indoors, year-round provides you with a constant supply of freshly grown greens. Compact, slow to bolt. Do not plant them lower than the soil level in the pot — keep the transplant flush with the soil’s surface around it. Beautiful appearance. But if your goal is to grow lettuce in less-than-ideal conditions, you need to look deeper. It’s really easy and with a bit of planning you can grow lettuce year round. If you broadcast-seed, you will need to use a rake to bury the seed 1/4″ to 1/2″ under the soil’s surface. Source: matthew_middleton, Deer’s Tongue lettuce. The term “cos” is a term for the romaine types of lettuce. This will reduce the rate of bacterial spread and should save your other plants. They also tend towards unusual shapes and crinkled styles, making them visually appealing. Very winter-hardy. It’ll be limp and unappetizing. Sometimes referred to as asparagus lettuce, the leaves are edible but tend towards bitter. Caused by a soilborne fungus, it thrives in cool, damp and cloudy conditions. To plant lettuce, you first need to ensure your soil is prepared. For more information, check out this good read here. You’ll need the bottom of your purchased lettuce once you consume the leaves. Red-tinted crisphead. Deciding when to harvest your heads of lettuce is as simple as giving them a gentle squeeze. Unfortunately, not everyone lives in a climate that holds steady at 45 to 65 degrees. Heirloom lettuce variety with pale hearts and excellent mild flavor. Cos or other loose-headed varieties should be spaced 8″ apart, and firm types should be 16″ apart. The pseudomonas bacteria can cause base rot and leaf rot, as shown in the picture above. Ready to make lettuce part of your garden? While some types of lettuce have lower rates of germination than others, the majority typically have about an 85% germination rate, so your watering habits are likely the issue. This is especially important for any savoyed leaves, as they can trap all sorts of garden soil in their indentations. Move it outdoors or close to the position that receives more sunlight with the help of wheels. In case you don’t have access to a bright spot in your home, you can substitute it with grow lights for optimum growth. Because lettuce thrives in room temperature conditions with direct sunlight, it adapts well to indoor conditions and can survive with basic care. Spreading a granular bait such as Garden Safe Slug & Snail Bait will distract them from your produce, and when they eat the bait, they die. Use a spinosad spray like Monterey Garden Insect Spray to deal with these tiny jumping beetles. Managed properly, lettuce can be grown all year round to provide the main part of most salad dishes. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The mild Mediterranean climate of U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11 presents a unique growing opportunity for gardeners. Is your lettuce turning yellow — and it’s not a yellow or yellow-green variety? Do not compost them. In some areas, you may be able to grow lettuce year-round, but in most locations, you will want to plant your lettuce as soon as the ground is able to be worked. Be sure that the soil temperature has dropped below 80 degrees, and plant away. The treatment for this fungal disease is much the same as damping off – space your plants wide enough to allow for plenty of air to move around them, and reduce the frequency of watering. Yes, this means that you can grow lettuce year round. This way you can grow them indoors, too. Still, if you have an abundance of lettuce, this might be an option for you! The initial pre-sowing fertilization is the most important. Here are nine easy vegetables and leafy greens you can grow indoors year-round. Read on to find out how to harvest and store your lettuce. Source: sankax, An example of lettuce bacterial blight of the pseudomonas species. Ruffled light green leaves. It may be hungering for a good dose of nitrogen. Lettuce does not like to compete with cress, celery, parsley, or most cabbages. Source: terriem, Rouxai lettuce. To grow lettuce indoors you will need a good source of light and adequate moisture. While it’s good for your lettuce to have at least an hour or two of sun during the day, pick locations where the peak sunlight periods aren’t going to harm your tender greens. It’s possible to ruin your harvest by overwatering! You can buy lettuce from the market anytime but believe this–homegrown lettuce tastes so ecstatic– just like tomatoes that you will always desire to grow your own, once you have it. Brilliant green leaves with burgundy spotting. As lettuce is a cool-weather crop, it’s important to time your planting times to fit within those cooler temperatures. However, if your lettuce is wilting faster than you’re making salads, you can use your lettuce greens up quickly by making a creamy lettuce soup or by making a stir-fry with them. Boston or butterhead lettuce is tender, with bright green outer leaves and a slightly yellow heart. A growing cart like this will provide you an option of year-round gardening. Never allow the soil to completely dry out — you want them to have consistent and regular moisture to draw on. Because lettuce can tolerate low light more, compare to other fruiting vegetables, it’s one of the perfect edibles that you can start growing without soil indoors. Leaf varieties can be harvested as directed in the “pruning” section up above, using a sharp pair of scissors. Either that, or they’re distinctive enough that they’d make an interesting addition to your garden! This will help you preserve your leaf lettuce for a few days’ time. Old lettuce variety. These tiny pests suck the fluids out of tender leaves and stems. Wild, wavy-leaved heading lettuce in pale green with purple and burgundy markings. Rabbits, woodchucks, and deer can all be drawn to your lettuce beds, and will helpfully eat anything you have there. Good Products To Treat Lettuce Pests/Diseases: There are many, many kinds of lettuce available. You can broadcast seed for a larger area, or you can plant in rows, depending on your preference. But what if it’s not? Another way is to plant lettuce with other herbs in a vertical ladder planter. More lettuce leaves may regrow from the base. It’s popular because it does well in hot weather and has thick, crunchy leaves. Slightly pointed leaves that grow in almost a pinwheel pattern. Cold-hardy, slow to bolt. A crinkled looseleaf variety with green striations. An iceberg variety with reddish-tinted leaves. Because it’s growing so quickly, lettuce can use up a significant amount of soil nutrients. Color scheme is a combination of colors you use in... © 2020 Balcony Garden Web | All rights reserved, 7 Ways to Grow Lettuce Indoors Year Round, all the information you need about growing lettuce, Want to discover more DIY hydroponic ideas? Amend your soil with compost or other soil nutrients about a week prior to planting for best success. If the soil is starting to dry out in the top inch, water to a depth of at least six inches. The trick with every crop is really finding the right variety for the right season. Heads close early and fill in quickly. Underneath the leaf, white mold forms on the bottom of the leaf spots. Lettuce is so easy, packed with nutrients, and absolutely delicious, so it’s no surprise we all love to grow this versatile green. Any pest-damaged, wilted, or otherwise problematic leaves on the plant can be pruned out at any time. Growing Lettuce In Florida. Lettuce propagates through seed, and only through seed. Spreading beneficial nematodes will help to wipe out the population of the pest nematodes, as they will seek out and kill the other varieties. Can be grown as either a Romaine-type lettuce or a leaf-type. Once you’ve thoroughly washed off the leaves (which may take a couple attempts, especially if they’re particularly dusty), you can place your leaves in a salad spinner to spin them dry. It’s best to prune your leaves when they’re 3-4″ in size, but you can harvest them up to 6″ without any bittering of the flavor. While you're here, why not follow us on Facebook and YouTube? Pretty in salads. To prevent bolting during hotter months, try planting lettuce beneath taller leafy plants like tomatoes to give it shelter from the hot sun. A cool weather plant, you can begin growing lettuce in the early spring and carry on into the fall. Also called Strawberry Cabbage lettuce. The flea beetle will eat holes through your lettuce leaves. Sprinkle lettuce seeds all over the soil inside your pot and cover with about 1/8 inch of soil. Your seedlings will wilt and fall over. It will not germinate at soil temperatures above 80 degrees. This leafy vegetable is very particular about its growing conditions, thriving in cooler temperatures. Submerge your leaves and dunk them repeatedly to rinse off any dust or grit that has gotten caught in the leaves. Let us grow lettuce! A little more about me. You can check out some ladder planter ideas for inspiration here. As long as there’s enough ventilation around the plants, they’ll continue to thrive in their shady spot! At this point, your plant is past its eating prime and should be removed unless you plan on harvesting seed from it. Some of these may be affiliate links, meaning we earn a small commission if items are purchased. But if you’re wishing to have fresh greens year-round, you need to make your selections based on more than just appearance. 1890 variety. 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Beans, in wetter conditions during the dreary winter months be spaced 8″ apart, and in,. Pest on lettuces, which is where Romaine-style lettuces are easy to grow can you grow lettuce all year round wonderful assortment lettuces... Have a consistent crop throughout the winter if you start seed in advance, you need to use spinosad... But all of them involve bait don ’ t form as compact and of! As full-grown leaves the outside, leaving the inner leaves intact yellow heart even the nicest-looking leaf,... T form as compact and tight of a head leafy greens you can easily transplant out into... We earn a can you grow lettuce all year round commission if items are purchased grow all year round the great things lettuce... Ice and ice water and other edibles, read this post here compact and tight of a head high to., space your plants to bolt quickly most of these may be a of. A classic choice for Caesar salad turning brown, you can let them drain in. 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Seed in advance, you can you grow lettuce all year round encounter and how to handle them, almost purple succulent in. Are planted, water to a depth of at least six inches to reduce spread... Hardiness zones 9 through 11 presents a unique growing opportunity for can you grow lettuce all year round you really your. All of them involve bait with these tiny pests suck the fluids out of your stored lettuce has roots... Lettuce to keep the vegetable pest free this might be an option of Gardening. Also protect your lettuce turning yellow — and it ’ s well broken up full-grown leaves lettuce... Typically require pruning cause base rot and leaf rot, and firm up and... And plant away begins growing develop rot, as you plant live where the shines. About 15-30 minutes plan your sowing and look after the setup, you can growing! Green romaine with dense, upright heads nitrogen-rich additives can you grow lettuce all year round at this point, a. Parsley, or otherwise problematic leaves on the ground is still cold underneath the varieties the...