Only 15% of the world’s refugees are hosted by developed countries. Countries must also accept all the EU legislation, which can often take years to accomplish. The list of all EU countries has more than quadrupled since its humble origins in 1951 when 6 members founded the European Coal and Steel Community to help avoid any further wars in Europe. Learn more about the EU … A country wishing to join the EU submits a membership application to the Council, which asks the Commission to assess the applicant’s ability to meet the Copenhagen criteria. There were several enlargements from the 1980s till the 2010s, and the ECC was replaced by the EU in 1993. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is €678,572 billion, as per 2015. Nineteen of the EU countries are also part of the Eurozone, a union of countries that have adopted the Euro as their official currency. The Union currently counts 27 EU countries. These countries are in the process of 'transposing' (or integrating) EU legislation into national law: Potential candidate countries do not yet fulfil the requirements for EU membership: Give feedback about this website or report a problem, Institutions, bodies & agencies – contact & visit details, Public contracts in the EU – rules and guidelines, Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU), European Economic and Social Committee (EESC), European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS), The European Data Protection Board (EDPB). Due to the huge volume of EU rules and regulations each candidate country must adopt as national law, the negotiations take time to complete. In 2004, nine countries were added, two more in 2007, and finally Croatia in 2013 to bring the total to 28. This refers to the 19 EU countries which have adopted the Euro as their currency. It is an area without internal borders, an area within which citizens, many non-EU nationals, business people and tourists can freely circulate without being subjected to border checks. In subsequent years many other countries joined the Union. Member states must agree unanimously for the EU to adopt some policies; for others, coll… The first batch of countries joined in 1957, including Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg, and The Netherlands. Over time, more and more countries decided to join. Countries in Europe: 44 There are 44 countries in Europe today, according to the United … Bulgaria. The EU was created by the Maastricht Treaty, which entered into force on November 1, 1993. The European Union gets mostly favorable marks from the countries surveyed, but not everyone is happy with the Brussels-based institution. Europe's continental union is probably most famous to outsiders for its euro currency and Schengen free travel area.But it's actually much more than that. In 1957, the EEC was formed amongst France, Italy, West Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg. Here is an educational video to learn names of European countries in English on a map. The European Union (EU) is a group of 28 nations in Europe, formed in the aftermath of World War II. In line with the electoral act of 1976, EU countries have to notify the names to the European Parliament before the … Several countries are in the process of integrating or transitioning into the European Union. The EU’s common currency is the euro. 28 countries are members of the European Union, including the UK which joined in 1973.Since its foundation by six countries in 1957, what is now known as the EU has grown in a series of expansions.The largest was in 2004 with ten new members, including many central and eastern European … Netherlands’ currency is Euro (€) since it became a member of the Eurozone on January 1, 1999. Overview of the EU countries. Greece joined in 1981, followed by Spain and Portugal in 1986 and Austria, Finland and Sweden in 1995. Foreign policy co-operation between member states dates from the establishment of the Community in 1957, when member states negotiated as a bloc in international trade negotiations under the EU's common commercial policy. It includes 22 EU members, plus the four EFTA countries. However, it has been a “potential candidate country” since 2000 when it was recognized. Twenty-seven of the UK's 73 seats have been redistributed to other countries, while the remaining 46 seats will be kept in reserve for potential future enlargements. New information on using UK banks if you live in an EEA country. Certain areas which are part of the EU customs territory, exceptional areas, are subject to special rules. The Netherlands is a member country of the EU since January 1, 1958 with its geographic size of 41,542 km², and population number 16,900,726, as per 2015. Countries of Europe for kids, kindergarten, children, and toddlers. In 1973, Denmark, Ireland, and the United Kingdom joined. The EU countries are: Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Greece, Spain, France, Ireland, Italy, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Malta, The Netherlands, Austria, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Finland, Sweden and the United Kingdom. Exceptional areas within the EU countries. New citizens’ rights in EU countries section added on how to get advice in the EU country where you live. After all, the UK ("Britain"), which left the EU in 2020, was never part of the Schengen Area or euro currency zone to begin with. Countries that belong to the EEA include Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, and Sweden. These areas are: Aland Islands (Finland) Of these, two countries, Russia and Turkey, straddle Europe and Asia. Once an applicant country meets the conditions for membership, it must implement EU rules and regulations in all areas. What's the Eurozone? Negotiations are then formally opened on a subject-by-subject basis. The first batch of countries joined in 1957, including Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg, and The Netherlands. The European Economic Area (EEA) Capital: Sofia; Official EU language(s): Bulgarian EU member country: since 1 January 2007; Currency: Bulgarian lev BGN.Bulgaria has committed to adopt the euro once it fulfils the necessary conditions. 23 September 2020. Notably, support for the EU was higher in the UK, the country about to hold a vote on EU membership, with 44 percent of the British viewing the EU favorably, including 53 percent of the Scottish. Membership in the EU is a long and difficult process, it also requires a free-market economy and a stable democracy. Countries Integrating into the EU . European countries have started immunising people against COVID-19 in earnest but huge discrepancies in the pace of vaccination exist. The EU was not always as big as it is today. The ECSC evolved into the EU and grew to 28 members. Since 1985, it has gradually grown and encompasses today almost all EU countries and a few associated non-EU countries. Armenia and Cyprus politically are considered European countries, though geographically they are located in the West Asia territory. The European Union has 28 member countries. These countries are collectively known as the Eurozone. The candidates are supported financially, administratively and technically during this pre-accession period. European countries that are not part of the European Union include Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Albania, Switzerland, Turkey, Russia, Macedonia and Montenegro. Russia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Turkey are transcontinental countries, partially located in both Europe and Asia. Check out our infographic above for the latest Eurostat figures on asylum applications in the EU as well as UNHCR figures on the number of refugees in EU countries. Since June 2014 it has been an official candidate for European Union accession. The game Europe: Countries is available in the following languages: Seterra is an entertaining and educational geography game that lets you explore the world and learn about its countries, capitals, flags, oceans, lakes and more! All other countries are considered by Customs to be a non-EU country. It also includes a few non-EU nations: Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, and Liechtenstein. The Schengen Area is one of the greatest achievements of the EU. In 1987 the Europea… It is an area without internal borders, an area within which citizens, many non-EU nationals, business people and tourists can freely circulate without being subjected to border checks. Which countries have an opt-out? There are currently 28 countries in the European Union. VoteWatch.eu said in a statement: "Germany and Italy seem to exert the biggest level of influence in the European Parliament, more so than other big countries like France, the UK or Spain. 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